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Reasons Police Officers Want Cannabis Legalized

Reasons Police Officers Want Cannabis Legalized

Over the past several years, many states have campaigned to have cannabis legalized. In some states, this legalization has passed without issue. In other states, however, many voters are still fighting the change. Even many police offers are in favor of cannabis legalization. These five reasons police want cannabis legalized may help shape your opinion.

1. The Black Market is Dangerous

Cannabis itself doesn’t have nearly as many dangerous effects as many of the drugs currently available in the black market. When it’s purchased through legitimate sources, cannabis offers a safe experience that will keep its users from experiencing most of the worst side effects of traditional drugs. On the black market, however, cannabis can be mixed with a variety of other drugs–many of which aren’t disclosed to buyers before they use it.

2. The “War on Pot” Isn’t Helping the Public

Police officers have plenty of dangerous crimes to deal with on a daily basis. They deal with dangerous individuals every day–and cannabis users simply aren’t. Instead of devoting that time and money to removing cannabis from the streets, police offers prefer to focus their efforts on genuine crimes that have the potential to significantly impact other people. When their efforts are focused on catching people with a low-impact drug, officers aren’t able to spend the effort they need to on bigger crimes.

3. Communities Want Legalization

Many officers are devoted to their communities and the people who live in them. They want to have great relationships with the populations they serve. Going after individuals who choose to use marijuana, however, destroys those relationships and leads to a lack of trust. Every time an officer arrests someone for cannabis possession, they’re creating a negative interaction that has the potential to destroy their relationship with other members of that community. Not only that, officers who are clearly in favor of legalization of cannabis will be able to boost their relationships with those members of their communities.

4. Police Practices Deteriorate with Marijuana Arrests

In many cases, arrests for possession of cannabis, turning in drugs to the office, and other practices associated with marijuana arrests lead to illegal or unethical police practices. Many departments have discovered that the best way to increase marijuana arrests is to offer incentives. Unfortunately, those incentives also encourage officers to engage in unethical or illegal practices like informants who admit to lying, bringing in SWAT teams to take care of marijuana arrests, and even illegal searches. Many departments are pressured to make drug arrests, reducing the numbers of dealers and users on the streets–and as a result, officers find themselves going to extreme lengths to capture individuals who would not be engaging in illegal behavior, were cannabis legalized.

5. Cops Want Kids to Be Safe

Cracking down on marijuana use, unfortunately, has little impact on whether or not people are going to use marijuana. Legalizing it, however, would create better controls over who was able to purchase marijuana–not to mention instituting quality control that would prevent kids from getting their hands on marijuana laced with other materials. By legalizing cannabis, most states will add age restrictions that will make it increasingly difficult for kids to get their hands on it–and in the process, keep them safer.

Cannabis use has been hotly debated across many states over the past several years. Some states have chosen to legalize; others are still pushing against it. Many police officers, however, are falling down heavily on the side of legalization–and with good reason. In states where cannabis use has been legalized, police departments are able to use their resources for crimes that really matter. Not only that, legalization initiates higher levels of control over cannabis and keeps tainted marijuana from making its way onto the street–a vital step in keeping high school students safer.

Who Are California Cannabis Consumers?

Who Are California Cannabis Consumers?

California, the first state to legalize the medical use of cannabis back in 1996 and famous for its rich growing history in the Emerald Triangle, has long been a mainstay and exporter of culture surrounding the cannabis plant.

This rich history has led to an incredibly large sector of their state’s economy. California’s cannabis market hit $6.7 billion in sales in 2016, more than every other adult use cannabis market in the United States combined.

According to New Frontier Data’s market projections released earlier this year, they expect California’s medical cannabis market to be worth $2.4 billion by 2021 and their adult use market to be worth $3.9 billion by the same year.

California has always been a powerhouse when it comes to consumption and cultivation of weed, but who exactly are the consumers powering the demand? What are their preferences, age, gender, annual income, interests? How do brands create and market products to their end users if they don’t really know anything about them? Can we extrapolate data about California cannabis consumers to consumers in other states?

When it comes to cannabis consumers, these questions have largely gone unanswered. For decades, the plant was bought and sold through black market channels, serving a demand but unable to create the infrastructure to understand it, thanks to state and federal law.

But as the cannabis industry develops, more and more pertinent data is being gathered about the people who prop up this multibillion dollar industry…and the results might not be what people expect of “stoners”.

Who are California cannabis consumers?

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A survey conducted in California received 10,000 user responses, and their findings challenge stoner stereotypes of a previous time.

Some of the most significant findings to uncover the reality of who cannabis consumers are, versus stereotypes held about them, include:

  • 32% of respondents were female, with 59% of females consuming cannabis every day.
  • 51% of respondents hold a degree or postgraduate degree, made even more significant because only 39% of California residents hold the same level of education.
  • 91% of respondents hold a full-time job, employed in a wide variety of industries, with technology leading all at 19%. Of the vast majority of respondents with full-time employment 58% consume cannabis everyday.
  • 49% of respondents have an annual household income exceeding $75,000. The income bracket of $100,000-$149,000 was the most common annual household income of respondents.
  • One in five respondents are parents, and 63% of parents surveyed consume cannabis daily.

What aligns nearly all 10,000 respondents? Rallying around the idea of “reduc[ing] or replac[ing] alcohol and pharmaceutical consumption to find natural relief and enjoyment from marijuana.”

These findings show that the average daily cannabis consumer is concerned about their general wellness, gainfully employed, and making an annual household income above the national average, and many are parents.

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We know these findings challenge the stoner stereotypes held by those who have a serious misunderstanding of cannabis consumers, but it also challenges marketing norms in the cannabis industry.

These findings show the need for mature marketing efforts that diverge (but can still pay credence to) an outdated era of cannabis. Cannabis brands looking to expand their market share should especially focus on marketing towards female consumers, who are often left out.

These respondents included wellness-conscious individuals who are interested in cannabis products that are sophisticated and safe, and cannabis brands would be wise to align themselves with these customers. Simple examples of this in practice include edible companies making products using organic, healthy food items like granola or dried fruit, rather than sugary cookies and other baked goods; making vape pen cartridges and other concentrates without harmful chemicals and additives; or complying with and communicating strict lab testing protocols to ensure a safe product, even if their state guidelines lack the rigidness.

The cannabis consumer of today is far different than what many would expect. If cannabis brands don’t pay close attention to the incoming data about these consumers and act accordingly, they will lose out to the brands that do.

 

 

Industries Working To Keep Cannabis Illegal

Industries Working To Keep Cannabis Illegal

At a time when support for some form of federal legalization of cannabis is at a record high, it’s surprising when you hear states and politicians failing to take action. Sure, there are a lot of misconceptions about cannabis still floating around. But, there are also powerful industries lobbying against the blossoming cannabis demand in order to protect their bottom line.

Here’s a list of the top industries fighting to keep cannabis illegal.

Big Pharma

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Medical Cannabis is a taking the world by storm. Even without federal research into the medical efficacy of the plant or FDA approval, the anecdotal evidence is overwhelming. People suffering from epilepsy, cancer, depression, anxiety, sleep disorders, Muscular Sclerosis, chronic pain, and more are all seeing the benefit in using a natural plant as treatment rather than harmful, and oftentimes addictive, pharmaceutical drugs.

The Big Pharma lobby is one of the biggest in America, with very deep pockets. They are working, and spending, hard to keep cannabis illegal. Insys Therapeutics, a large drug maker, spent $500,000 lobbying against legalization in Arizona during the 2016 election.

Insys has created a drug called Dronabinol, a synthetic cannabinoid compound, recently approved by the FDA. The company itself claimed in a recent SEC filing that legalizing cannabis could “significantly limit the commercial success of any dronabinol product.”

Unfortunately, their money seemed to work. Arizona was the only state with cannabis on the ballot in 2016 that failed to pass the initiative.

Alcohol

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As more states vote to legalize recreational cannabis, more and more consumers are choosing weed over alcohol. The alcohol industry could lose up to $2 billion thanks to legal cannabis.

The alcohol industry has responded by throwing funding at anti-legalization efforts. In Massachusetts, another state voting to legalize and regulate recreational cannabis in 2016, saw intervention by alcohol interests. The Beer Distributors of Massachusetts and The Wine & Wholesalers of Massachusetts donated $75,000 to an anti-legalization campaign.

It’s worth noting this fear may be unfounded. In Colorado, the alcohol industry has seen an increase since legalizing recreational cannabis.

Private Prisons & Prison Guard Union

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Private prisons and the Prison Guard Union are two of the largest, and most powerful, lobbies in the country.

Private prisons are full of low-level, nonviolent drug law offenders, many of them doing time for cannabis. Without local law enforcement making these arrests, private prison beds go empty. You would think this is a great thing, but for Private Prisons, these empty beds mean lower profits. Lower profits, in turn, mean less benefits and employment opportunities for prison guards.

Private Prison companies have spent millions of dollars lobbying against laws that would reduce mass incarceration in the United States. Two of the largest private prison corporations, Corrections Corporation of America and GEO have spend $970,000 and between $250,000 to $660,000, respectively, each year.

In 2015 alone, California jailed over 6,000 people for cannabis, or cannabis-related, charges. And that’s a state with a long history of tolerance toward the plant. In 2005, the California Correctional Peace Officers Association gave $1 million to successfully defeat Proposition 8 that would have legalized cannabis.

In 2016, we saw California legalize recreational cannabis in spite of opposition.

Police Departments

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A little known, but incredibly significant, fact is that local police departments receive federal funding and military-grade equipment by agreeing to participate in the War On Drugs. Beyond federal and state tax funding, departments are also able to make a lot of money off the property they can legally seize when acting on behalf of the Drug War in an act called “asset forfeiture”.

Many local police departments have come to rely on this supplemental income, and aren’t willing to give it up easily. But with this additional funding comes quotas that police departments are required to meet. Unfortunately, low-level cannabis consumers and dealers are an easy target for racking up arrests.

According to Opensecrets.org, “The National Fraternal Order of Police has spent at least $220,000 on lobbying efforts; the National Association of Police Organizations, $160,000; the International Union of Police Associations, $80,000; and the International Association of Chiefs of Police, $80,000.”

Alcohol Prohibition Didn’t Work, Nor Will It for Cannabis

Alcohol Prohibition Didn’t Work, Nor Will It for Cannabis

An Ohio woman, new to cannabis activism, recently proclaimed that “the prohibition days are over.” About 460,000 Americans currently incarcerated for nonviolent drug offenses may disagree, but we are beginning to see cannabis prohibition weakening, and it looks familiar.

Prohibition isn’t limited to substances like alcohol or cannabis. As a species, we’ve tried to prohibit religions, race, knowledge, music, clothing and words. All of those attempts at prohibiting a specific thing have never solved the intended problem, because the problem is usually complex and requires a multifaceted solution.

But we keep trying. And we are reminded again that prohibition does not work.

The prohibition of alcohol represents the U.S. previous attempt at banning a widely-consumed substance. As with all of the aforementioned objects of prohibition, the roots of alcohol prohibition stemmed from an effort at fixing broad social issues, usually wrapped in a religious or moral judgement. According to an analysis by the Cato Institute, the prohibition of alcohol was meant to, “reduce crime and corruption, solve social problems, reduce the tax burden created by prisons and poorhouses, and improve health and hygiene in America.”

Many of those societal burdens were in fact magnified by prohibition. Black market alcohol distributed through bootlegging was rampant, and the advent of modern organized crime can trace its origins back to bootlegger Al Capone. After an initial drop in alcohol consumption, Americans drank more alcohol compared to pre-prohibition, and they drank stronger types of alcoholic beverages that were cheaper to make and transport. As a black market substance, there was no regulation supervising the production of alcohol, and many people died from alcohol not properly distilled. Will Rogers famously once said, “governments used to murder by the bullet only. Now it’s by the quart.”

After the passage of the 18th Amendment and the Volstead Act, the latter of which gave prohibition its teeth, the war on alcohol was launched. As a result of a 24 percent increase in crime, spending on law enforcement skyrocketed. By 1930, half of all prisoners were incarcerated for violating prohibition.

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The crime and corruption also spread to the government, and the regulatory body directly responsible for enforcing prohibition. The strength needed to keep alcohol prohibited gave the government a broader range of power and led to a huge increase in the number of federal employees. Bootleggers and organized crime syndicates colluded with employees of the Bureau of Prohibition to such an extent that the entire bureau had to be scrapped. Commissioner of Prohibition Henry Anderson stated, “the fruitless efforts at enforcement are creating public disregard not only for this law but for all laws. Public corruption through the purchase of official protection for this illegal traffic is widespread and notorious. The courts are cluttered with prohibition cases to an extent which seriously affects the entire administration of justice.”

Overall, alcohol prohibition didn’t reduce crime, it increased it. It didn’t solve social problems, but caused more. It didn’t reduce spending on poorhouses and prisons but increased it, by 1000 percent between 1915 and 1932. It did not improve public health by prohibiting Americans from consuming alcohol, but lead to more deaths thanks to crime and lack of quality control in a bootlegged product.

In the story of alcohol prohibition, the word “alcohol” could be replaced with “marijuana” and read as a sequel. Mexican immigrants bringing “marihuana” to the United States during the beginning of the last century also brought a new culture the public interpreted as shocking. Unable to ban an entire race outright, the government chose to vilify one of their cultural traditions. The Marijuana Tax Act of 1937 made cannabis expensive enough to virtually prohibit it, and gave the government the excuse to control Mexican immigration.

What followed was a whirlwind of anti-marijuana propaganda through “Reefer Madness.” The first person to lead the Federal Bureau of Narcotics was Harry Anslinger, and his distaste for cannabis set the tone for marijuana prohibition that has lasted to this day. “There are 100,000 total marijuana smokers in the U.S., and most are Negroes, Hispanics, Filipinos and entertainers. Their Satanic music, jazz and swing result from marijuana use,” he said.

“This marijuana causes white women to seek sexual relations with Negroes, entertainers and any others. Reefer makes darkies think they’re as good as white men.”

These comments alone represent some of the lasting stereotypes of cannabis users. They are ethnic and/or social minorities with differing tastes that challenge the mainstream, and lack morality based on their activities. In response, the government has fought these perceived problems with an increase in enforcement, which costs taxpayers billions, incarcerates Americans for nonviolent crimes, and does little to combat the sale and consumption of cannabis.

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The end of alcohol prohibition was a state-by-state effort after years of failure, and the end of cannabis prohibition is on track to do the same. After years of funding the war on drugs that cost taxpayers trillions, the public is not longer as eager to fund a failing enterprise. Claims of marijuana’s addictive and destructive qualities have been proven false not only by science, but by the continued use of the public without a health crisis forming. Statistics from states that have legalized continue to reinforce the relative safety of cannabis as a recreational substance.

It took 13 years for alcohol prohibition to end, but cannabis prohibition is in its 80th year. Once again, it’s time to admit prohibition was wrong.

Legalization is Crushing Cartel Profits

Legalization is Crushing Cartel Profits

A new analysis suggests that marijuana seizures on the U.S.-Mexico border are decreasing, which could be an indication that state legalization is lessening the demand for illegally trafficked product.

Data was gathered from U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), as well news reports regarding drug seizures, and compiled and analyzed by Logan Freedman. “A majority of these drug arrests are going to be large quantities of drugs,” Freedman said.

“So if someone was captured in, say New York City with under an ounce of marijuana, it’s not necessarily going to show up in this report, because it’s going to be misdemeanor crime. This is going to be large drugs coming into the U.S.”

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Cannabis is still by far the most commonly seized substance by CBP, as well as the drug responsible for greatest number of arrests, but the latter has decreased sharply over the past five years. Points of entry in Arizona are the most frequented along the U.S-Mexican border, and 60 percent of drug arrests are made in this area. But data from CBP indicates ports of entry in California slightly outpaces drug seizures at the border. Their data also suggests that less cannabis is entering the United States at the border, but there has been an increase in the amount of cocaine, methamphetamine and heroin moving from Mexico to the U.S.

This fluctuation can be a signal that America’s appetite for illicit drugs is changing, and cartels are taking notice. Drug cartels function similarly to any other business, driven by supply and demand. The U.S. is currently experiencing an opioid epidemic, and heroin in particular seems to be an alternative to those suffering from opioid addiction in need of a stronger high. It appears drug cartels are responding to that demand.

Freedman’s data also examined the rate of arrests per 100,000 people in each state. The highest rates of arrests also correspond to the CDC’s data on drug overdose deaths by state. Virginia, Delaware, New Jersey Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut have been identified as having a particularly high rate of fatal drug overdoses, but they are also among the top ten states that have the highest rate of drug arrests. Comparing the data shows that arresting people for drug possession has little effect on fatal overdoses.

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Politicians and law enforcement have wide-ranging ideas on how best to combat this problem. The Trump Administration believes building a wall would both reduce the amount of drugs and people crossing the border, but the data shows that drug cartels have no problem trafficking their products through customs checkpoints. Attorney General Jeff Sessions recently announced his intention to return to the war on drugs, using techniques from past decades that have proven to do more harm than good. A bill circulating through Congress would give Sessions an unprecedented amount of power to revise how the government categorizes drugs with little oversight. Sponsors of the bill claim that the goal is not to arrest individuals for typical possession, but to break up large-scale drug operations.

It is unclear whether the administration’s purpose for fighting drugs actually pertains to preventing deaths and addiction. Prior to the 2016 presidential election, Trump made promises to curb the opioid epidemic, even rhetorically asking an audience, “What’s taking so long?” But it took six months for the president’s team charged with solving the opioid crisis to meet, and the consensus was that more law enforcement efforts were needed, rather than a focus on substance abuse treatment. Combined with his support of GOP health care bills that would cut public health services for addiction, it appears the answer to the opioid epidemic will not come from the federal government.

Landrace Strains: The Beginning of Cannabis

Landrace Strains: The Beginning of Cannabis

Participants in the cannabis culture may be familiar with a few of the rare varieties of the plant that are categorized as landrace strains, including Colombian Gold, Durban Poison, Northern Lights, and Afghan Kush. “Landrace” simply refers to the small number of surviving strains of cannabis that evolved naturally in the geographic region in which they were initially discovered (by 20th century humans, that is). Some experts believe that about 100 of these rare strains exist today.

Landrace strains hail from global regions such as Jamaica, Afghanistan, India, Africa, Mexico, Pakistan, and Central America. They are believed to have originated in the Hindu Kush region of Pakistan and Afghanistan. This is one reason that so many strain names incorporate the term “Kush,” such as the always-popular OG Kush (the “OG” means “Ocean Grown,” denoting West Coast breeding and cultivation).

Many cultivators believe that the best examples of cannabis sativa are grown in a region as close to the equator as possible and at a relatively high elevation. Thus, mountainous areas in Central America, the Middle East, Africa, and Indonesia are almost perfectly suited to the cultivation of high-quality cannabis. This is no coincidence; landrace strains hail from most of these regions. Technically, landrace strains are those that have stabilized over time as a result of natural inbreeding.

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Other definitions of landrace cannabis include any that hasn’t purposefully been bred or otherwise manipulated by humans. Such indigenous varieties of marijuana, because they have evolved within a particular region, are very precisely acclimated to their local climates — and may offer unique medicinal qualities that are specifically tuned to the native humans of that region. Wrote Rick Pfrommer, Director of Education at Harborside Health Center, one of the nation’s largest dispensaries:

“It’s not that [landrace strains are] necessarily better, [they’re] just different, and perhaps more effective for some patients’ specific conditions or needs.”

Source of All Modern Strains

Many readers aren’t interested in a history lesson, however. How are landrace strains related to modern varieties and hybrids? Put simply, landraces are the origin of all modern cannabis strains. They are the genesis of cannabis in society and reflect its state of development, or evolution, before modern humans began breeding and cultivating the herb for medicine, lifestyle enhancement, and profit.

Cannabis breeders long ago took original landrace strains and bred, or crossed, them in an effort to create new strains possessing the best characteristics of both parents (and, just as with dogs or humans, hopefully few of their bad traits). Some strains feature shorter growing periods or are more resistant to pests or mold, making them the desire of cultivators. Others, especially sativa varieties, may be more difficult to grow and feature relatively long flowering cycles, but can also deliver unique medicinal and psychoactive effects that are sought by many patients and cannabis consumers.

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For all practical purposes, it must be assumed that many landrace strains, in their original, pure form, have been lost forever. Endless crosses over several decades in most areas of the world, especially North America, the United Kingdom, and Europe, have resulted in diluted genetics. The sad reality is that many “pure” breeds of cannabis are often mislabeled. Many purported examples of seeds, harvested cannabis flowers, or concentrates from pure landrace strains are inevitably not. Instead, they are sometimes the descendents of multiple landraces that have been bred (either purposefully or accidentally), going back an unknown number of generations — and with possibly very different characteristics. Also, genetic mutations easily emerge, especially under different growing conditions, which can cause great stress to mature plants.

For decades, strains have been bred to bring out their potency, especially in terms of tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, the cannabinoid in the plant that delivers psychoactive effects and is largely responsible for its euphoria — but also is a powerful medicine for dozens of diseases. However, researchers and medical professionals have identified something called the entourage effect that supports the concept of whole flower medicine by observing that cannabinoids and terpenes interact synergistically, in a delicate and nuanced supplementation of the human body’s endocannabinoid system.

The good news is that a significant portion of the cannabis breeding community has been focused on creating strains that deliver the greatest medicinal value. Many modern varieties of cannabis are a far cry from the original strains from which they are descended. Just as a modern human living in Kentucky might be a descendant of American founding father Benjamin Franklin while, in most respects, the two humans are very different, cannabis strain crosses often, in reality, feature a morphology (shape and size), growing characteristics, and high type that is very different from their landrace ancestors. Sometimes, crosses and hybrids are more appropriate and therapeutic than landrace strains for particular diseases or ailments.

Understanding Phenotypes and Heirlooms

When seeds from landrace strains are cultivated outside the zone in which they evolved, they produce what geneticists and breeders label phenotypes. Phenotypes are transmogrifications of the plant that result in similar, but different characteristics. This includes morphology, development (such as the length of flowering cycles), and biochemical properties (potency and cannabinoid/terpene profiles). Phenotypes that are direct descendents of landrace strains, with no breeding or crossbreeding, are known as heirlooms.

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In landrace strains grown outside their area of origin, a change occurs in the cannabinoid and terpene profiles of the resinous trichomes found on the female flowers of these heirloom varieties. Because they necessarily receive different light cycles, sometimes artificial light instead of natural, and different soil (not to mention dramatic variances in water, humidity, and nutrition), these strains must modify and adapt to their new environments. This changes the inherent characteristics of these strains, including their medical efficacy and high type.

Because they have evolved over hundreds of thousands or even millions of years, landrace strains are considered to be more “balanced,” with terpene and cannabinoid profiles that are in harmony with the needs of the plant, its environment, and — in theory — the humans and animals living in the region that consumed it. (All mammals have an endocannabinoid system and, therefore, are affected by cannabis in a manner similar to humans.)

Origin of American Cultivation Culture

The cannabis cultivation cultures in Northern California and Hawaii have their genesis in heirloom strains introduced to the United States during the 1960s, ’70s, and ’80s. The climate in Northern California sometimes closely approximates that of parts of Afghanistan and the Hindu Kush mountains. Because the central West Coast of the United States is roughly similar in the weather it receives, landrace strains brought back from some regions of Indonesia and the Middle East have traditionally thrived in Northern California. With them, the cannabis culture in the United States has also thrived. Both Hawaii and the entire West Coast have become synonymous with high-quality outdoor grown cannabis — just as Columbia is known for producing some of the world’s best coffee beans.

Patients and lifestyle consumers wishing to expand their cannabis horizons should seek out landrace and heirloom strains in an effort to learn more about the roots of cannabis in not only North America, but throughout the world. Cultivators wanting a change of pace should strive to obtain seeds and clones (cuttings) from heirloom strains in an effort to keep them alive for current and future generations and give patients (and medical professionals, including researchers) additional options for cannabis medicine.

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Classic Landrace Strains

In the past, landrace strains that happened to be sativas were eschewed by gardeners for indicas and crosses that featured shorter flowering periods. This was simply because these varieties were more profitable for commercial cultivators. However, the recent wave of recreational and medical cannabis laws at the state level in the U.S. has spawned markets for special strains, many of which are landrace sativas (such as Durban Poison).

Examples of popular and classic landrace strains include the following:

  • Afghan Kush: A pure indica strain purported to have originated in the Hindu Kush Mountains between Pakistan and Afghanistan.
  • G13: A landrace from Afghanistan that typically leans toward indica. However, two phenotypes of this strain exist, the second of which is a sativa.
  • Durban Poison: An unusually potent sativa from the South African port city of Durban. Click here to read an expert review of this strain.
  • Acapulco Gold: The infamous landrace sativa that hails from the Acapulco region of Southwest Mexico and typically features high levels of THC.
  • Northern Lights: A legendary indica, this highly inbred Afghani is purported to hail from British Columbia.
  • Rooibaard: A sativa from the coastal area of the Transkei region of South Africa.
  • Colombian Gold: The fabled cannabis hybrid that is sometimes a bit sativa-dom that originates in the Santa Marta mountains of Colombia in Central America.
  • Hawaiian: A sativa-dom hybrid from the islands of Hawaii.
  • Malawi Gold: A pure sativa is from the Salima region of Malawi in Southeast Africa.
  • Thai: A sativa from, as its name implies, Thailand. Hybrids derived from Thai include Fruity Thai and Juicy Fruit Thai.
  • Panama Red: This sativa from Panama became popular in the late 1960s, during the hippy psychedelic era.
  • Punto Rojo: A sativa from Columbia that is considered by some to be even better than Colombian Gold.

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