A lot of time and money goes into marijuana research. But what if I told you that you could take a nug of weed, place it in an espresso machine and extract cannabis ingredients in under one minute?
OK, that’s an oversimplified description. Still, it’s more or less what a team of researchers was able to accomplish in a recent experiment detailed in a manuscript due to be published in The International Journal of Pure and Applied Analytical Chemistry.
Via The International Journal of Pure and Applied Analytical Chemistry.
The team wanted to test whether espresso-based extraction—a novel and relatively inexpensive analytic method, raved about in scientific literature—could be applied to marijuana. And it turns out that it can!
You don’t need a fancy, $2,000 setup, either. For the experiment, the researchers used a Nespresso Essenza Manual XN2003 machine, which goes for about $300 on eBay. (It’s not currently available on Amazon, though—possibly because they’ve all been snatched up by the chemist community).
“The use of hard cap espresso machines has been recently proposed for analytical extractions due to its easy use, speed, availability and low price, providing efficient extraction of organic compounds from solid samples in few seconds,” the researchers wrote.
Seized cannabis provided by Unidad de Inspección de Farmacia y Control de Drogas del Área de Sanidad in Valencia, Spain, was inserted into the filter after a thorough cleaning. The hard cap espresso machine was used to extract three main ingredients from the plant (THC, CBD and CBN).
Then the results of those extracts were cross-referenced with extractions of the same sample using three different, more traditional methods: Ultrasound-assisted extraction, gaschromatography-mass spectrometry and ion mobility spectrometry (IMS).
And consistent with results from non-marijuana-related studies, the extraction method seemed to work—in under one minute.
“It has been evidenced that the developed method for the major cannabinoids extraction is a really encouraging example of the wide range of possibilities that a conventional and low cost hard cap espresso assisted extraction could offer in analytical laboratories,” according to the study.
“The quantitative extraction of THC, CBD and CBN from buds, leaves and stems has been achieved in a single and fast extraction of 40 seconds.”
The researchers noted that after using a rigorous multi-step cleaning method, the coffee machine has been “used in our laboratory during the last two and a half years without observing any damage or incident.”
See the original article published on Marijuana Moment below:
Scientists Discover You Can Use Espresso Machines To Make Marijuana Extracts
Benton Mackenzie lost his battle against angiosarcoma cancer Monday, and reportedly passed in his home, surrounded by family.
Mackenzie was the symbol of medical cannabis patient rights in Iowa following an unsettling drug bust. In May of 2013, Benton, his wife Loretta and their son Cody were all convicted for cultivating and manufacturing cannabis out of their home.
Benton had already been diagnosed with cancer at the time, and was a registered medical marijuana patient in Oregon. He was using the plants to make a concentrated oil that has been known to relieve and even reverse symptoms of some cancers for patients. He reported that it was significantly reducing his tumors, and was the only one of his treatment options that really helped him. It takes several plants to make the oil using this particular method, but law enforcement assumed the 71 plants would be used for distribution.
The Mackenzie trial made national news because he was not permitted to tell the jury that he had cancer, nor that the plants were to be used to make oil to treat the large, painful growths on his body. Benton and Loretta were given leniency and sentenced to three years probation. As a result of all the legal trouble, Mackenzie was not able to get back to Oregon for treatment until September of 2014. That was the last time he was well enough and able to travel to Oregon for treatment.
Mackenzie’s advocacy for medical marijuana patient rights in Iowa influenced the state to approve an unworkable cannabidiol (CBD) oil law that is now being scrutinized because it has yet to help a single patient gain access to medicine. Perhaps the state will be more open to allowing whole plant medical marijuana therapy options in the near future.
photo credit: qctimes
Marijuana concentrates are gaining popularity in the state of Colorado. There are many different ways to produce cannabis concentrates, but at least one way can be very dangerous. Using a flammable solvent like butane to make hash oil has resulted in 26 felony charges in the state of Colorado in 2014. All of which involved a person blowing up a home, car, building or something else while making butane hash oil.
The at home way to produce butane hash oil usually starts with loading a pipe with cannabis flowers, leaves or trimmings. Next a person will release butane into the pipe, which extracts the THC and other cannabinoids into the liquid that drips out the other end. The liquid is then heated before it is left to slightly solidify. Butane is a flammable gas, and the fumes being released into the room in which the extraction is taking place is very dangerous because any little spark could result in an explosion.
District Attorneys throughout the state have taken different stances on the issue of homemade butane hash oil, and now the Colorado Attorney General, John Suthers, has released his opinion on the issue. In a statement released by the office of Colorado Attorney General John Suthers, he explains why he feels it is illegal,
“Amendment 64 expressly prohibits an individual from making marijuana oil and unfortunately, Colorado is experiencing a real public safety issue as a result of unsafe and unlicensed manufacturing and production. The Blue Book made it clear that Amendment 64 allowed for the responsible and safe use of marijuana, so to decriminalize dangerous and unreasonable behavior in which people are getting hurt and houses are blowing up, defies the intent of voters.”
This released statement came after Attorney General Suthers wrote a brief on the case of Eugene Christensen. Christensen is currently being charged with arson, reckless endangerment and manufacturing cannabis concentrate after he caused an explosion while making butane hash oil. He is facing up to 4 years in prison, and his defense is that marijuana concentrates are covered under Amendment 64, as it allows for the “processing” of cannabis plants.
Attorney General Suthers disagrees. According to him, anything classified as “oil” is exempt from the definition of marijuana in Amendment 64. This is because in the Amendment, part of the definition of marijuana reads that it does not include oil.
One of the Amendment co-authors, Christian Sederberg, told the Denver Post that he agrees that making butane hash oil at home is dangerous. However, the way that the attorney general is using the definition of marijuana could lead to even hash oil possession being illegal.
photo credit: RollingStone, bloximages
Cannabis has documented use as an aphrodisiac in many ancient cultures across the globe, with the most notable coming from India in the enhancement of the practice of tantra. In the United States, Cannabis tinctures were sold at pharmacies, over-the-counter, as a cure-all medicine until the first half of the twentieth century. There are no documented cases of a marijuana-based personal lubricant being available, however, until now.
A medical marijuana collective, Aphrodite Group, in California, lead by Wellness Director Matthew Gerson, released this product, Foria, earlier this year, marketed as a “therapeutic aphrodisiac,” known to enhance the female orgasm by allowing the user to be “fully present with their own experience.” According to the Aphrodite Group, “The inspiration for Foria’s creation comes from the belief that healthy, pleasurable sex is a vital part of holistic wellness.”
What ingredients are used to make Foria?
According to the creators, Foria is composed of “a blend of nourishing liquid coconut oil and lab-tested cannabis oil from California-grown marijuana.” The creators boast that this product is gluten, sugar, chemical and pesticide free while remaining vegan, 100 percent natural and 100 percent safe for consumption and use in and on sensitive body parts.
The California-grown marijuana used to create Foria is the full fledged kind, too, with all cannabinoids still intact. That means that Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psycoactive cannabinoid known for causing the feeling of being “high” is prominent in this revolutionary product. The combination of these two simple ingredients has inspired much curiosity in everyone who has heard of Foria, and several women have reported and published tales of their personal experiences with it.
How is Foria made?
The Aphrodite Group outsources Foria manufacturing to the professional Ph.D. scientists at the independent laboratory, The Werc Shop, to ensure only the highest quality product and accurate dosing information. The process used is solventless, and cannabinoid content is tested several times throughout the manufacturing process. According to the website, every bottle of Foria is tested for contaminants before it hits retail shelves.
How does Fioria work? Check out these user testimonials for a more detailed explanation:
For now, Foria is only available for state registered medical marijuana cardholders in California who are members of the collective. Luckily for women in two more states, however, there are plans to expand product sales into Colorado and Washington in the very near future.
Colorado release update: It will be released in Aspen, CO at Native Roots dispensary, 308 S. Hunter St. first, at the start of the 2015 X Games January 22-25. After the X Games, Foria will also be available at the rest of the Native Roots locations.
Throughout the years of marijuana prohibition, the state of Missouri has handed down some of the most severe sentences to marijuana offenders in the United States. Possessing any amount could result in a misdemeanor offense punishable by up to one year in prison and hefty fines.
Missouri is keeping up with the changing times, though. In July 2014, Governor Nixon, signed the bill for a new law that allows epilepsy patients to use cannabis oil for medicinal treatment. It includes specific guidelines regulating the cultivation of the cannabis as well as the production of the oil. The levels of cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannbinol (THC) for each plant will be tested to ensure a consistent product. Plants may contain no more than 0.3 percent THC, and must be high in CBD. The THC is the cannabinoid in cannabis known to have psychoactive properties, whereas the CBD is known more for it’s medicinal value.
Now, applications to cultivate cannabis and produce high cannabidiol (CBD) oil are available through the Missouri Department of Agriculture. Completed applications may be submitted beginning November 3, 2014, and submissions will be accepted for thirty days.
Only two applicants will be granted licenses to cultivate and produce. The facilities must operate as a non-profit organization, and may not be stationed any closer than 2,000 feet from residential neighborhoods, child care facilities, and schools. No dates have been set yet for the opening of the facilities or when the product will be available to patients.
This bill received great support, largely because Missouri Senator, Eric Schmitt, has a son who suffers from epilepsy. During a discussion of the bill, Schmitt addressed the room,
“The promise of CBD oil is real. I don’t know if this will work. We’ve had hope before. It might or it might not.”
Applications are currently being accepted for patients who want to participate in the program. The state estimates 1,000 epilepsy patients will take advantage of the new medical cannabis oil law. In order to qualify to participate in the program, a patient must provide certification from a neurologist stating that at least three other forms of treatment have been tried.
photo credit: High Times